Geography of Singapore

December 18, 2016

Located in Southeast Asia at the very tip of the Malaysian peninsula and enveloped by the islands of Indonesia, the geographical trope of Singapore is that of a tropical island. The majority of the land is a plateau with a few peaks, such as the Bukit Timah Hill, which at a height of 164 metres, represents the tallest point of the island city-state. The other peaks, such as the Panjang and Mandai hills, form a rugged centre of the city-state.  Apart from the hills, most of Singapore lies 15 metres above sea level. 

A collection of islands

Nicknamed the “Little Red Dot” due to its representation on many world maps, Singapore is actually made up of the mainland and 63 smaller islands. Among the islets you will find prominent names like Jurong Island, which is a centre of heavy industries, and Sentosa which houses many popular attractions like Universal Studios Singapore. Other prominent islands include Pulau Ubin and St John’s Island.

The main land continues to expand since independence in 1965. Using earth obtained from a variety of sources, including hills and the seabed, the city-state now measures at 723.2 km² today from 581.5 km². Estimates have suggested that the land mass may stretch up to 823.2 km² in two decades.   

Tropical climate

Singapore is located close to the equator: one and a half degrees north to be precise. Because of the proximity to the equator, the city-state is blessed with a sunny and warm weather almost all year-round. Temperature ranges from 25 °C to 35 °C with abundant rainfall expected during monsoon seasons (November to January), and high humidity throughout the year. Without any seasonal extremes, one can visit Singapore anytime of the year.

Owing to its geographic location, the island nation is also sheltered from natural disasters like earthquakes, typhoons and tsunamis which many other Southeast Asian countries experience.